Ways to develop problem-solving abilities in children

Seda Aydoğdu stated that unwanted or unexpected situations that we encounter while turning to another event or situation are defined as problems …

Seda Aydoğdu stated that unwanted or unexpected situations that we encounter while turning to another event or situation are defined as problems, and said, “Problems are a situation that is frequently encountered both in our daily life and in academic life. Mathematics questions waiting to be solved are also a problem for a child who cannot get a toy because it is out of reach. Every age and every cognitive level has its own problems. As we overcome the problems, we continue our development and pass to the next step,” he said.

The child’s problem-solving skills should be developed

Seda Aydoğdu stated that problem-solving behavior in children starts at a very young age, and that this characteristic begins with the individualization of the child, that is, with the ability to act on his own.

Stating that problems arise in different ways for each period, Seda Aydoğdu said, “The problems faced by the child who begins to explore his environment may be limited to his own life skills. It includes behavioral patterns such as reaching for a bottle and drinking water, stepping on and off the pavement. Since children in the preschool period do not yet have the ability to think abstractly, they can gain practical and game-based behavior and problem solving skills through concrete concepts. Problem solving skills should be developed in accordance with the child’s physical, cognitive, social and behavioral development.

Self-perception develops through problem solving

Reminding that the self-perception of the child, who started to solve the problems encountered while playing games in early childhood, also started to develop, Clinical Psychologist Seda Aydoğdu emphasized that it will be seen in the future that determining alternatives to a solution and developing strategies for solutions are strong investments in academic success.

Problem solving triggers the creative thinking process

In addition, Seda Aydoğdu stated that the child started to get to know himself, his wishes and demands much better within the framework of the problems encountered, and said:

“The child who encounters a problem creates strategies for what he can do to solve the problem, in which ways he can solve it, and his creative thinking processes begin to be triggered. In addition, the child learns by listening to the other side on the way to solve the problem, comparing the wishes and demands of others with their own wishes and demands, and creating solution strategies in this way. It also learns to look at events or problems from the outside, in the process.”

Teaching problem solving through structured activities

Seda Aydoğdu stated that problem solving skills will begin to develop once the child realizes the problems he/she faces, creates solution strategies, chooses the best for him/herself and starts to implement them through the activities structured by experts for the pre-school period. He emphasized that for adults, it will enable the child to recognize the emotion, thought and behavior trio.

Seda Aydoğdu said: “In this way, the bonds of parents with their children are strengthened. While the child is trying to solve the problem, while the parents are watching him, they can master the cognitive processes of the child and make the process faster or more practical. The point is to reach a solution by going through constructive ways instead of destructive ways.

Very important advice for parents

Clinical Psychologist Seda Aydoğdu stated that when preschool children encounter a problem, the family should communicate with the child when the problem is still fresh, and listed her recommendations as follows:

– It should be talked about how the problem arises, how it is defined and perceived and how it can be solved. The child’s feelings and thoughts should also be included in this speech, and the child should be given the opportunity to talk about the problem.

-After the family has defined the problem for the child, the child should also define himself. In essence, the family should be a role model for the child who is in the preschool period. In the following process, the child will have experiences that he can think about and take as an example when he encounters a problem again.

– If the child goes to a pre-school education institution; It is important that the activities created in the classroom are applicable in the external environment. Since problem solving skill is also a mental activity, it can be developed equivalently by carrying out studies in which it is supported in mental development.

The basis of the activities to be done in order to improve problem solving behavior in children should be developed in accordance with daily life skills. Content must be game-based and structured to reinforce creative thinking. Activities should be balanced and go from simple to complex.

 

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