The European Union wants the Artificial Intelligence (AI) Law to be an example for the rest of the world to follow as it regulates emerging technology.
EU Telecommunications ministers had their first discussion on the proposed AI Law in Brussels on Thursday to decide on the guidelines for the coming years, which Slovenian Minister of Public Administration Boštjan Koritnik said the bloc’s AI law should serve as a global model.
“The ministers today expressed their express support for a comprehensive law on artificial intelligence that will serve as a worldwide model, in the same vein as GDPR, the general data protection regulation in the field of personal data protection.” said Koritnik.
“We still have important work ahead as we want to make sure that the Artificial Intelligence Law fulfills its twin purpose of ensuring security and respect for fundamental rights and promoting the development and uptake of AI-based technology across all sectors. The Slovenian [Council of Europe] presidency sees it as a top priority in the digital space. He will continue to work hard on this proposal.”
AI already exists in many parts of our lives, but it remains an ethical dilemma with risks and benefits.
A clear advantage is in healthcare. Artificial intelligence and facial recognition technology are used to identify diseases such as dementia through signals invisible to the human eye.
A program at the Vrije University in Brussels studies these microexpressions.
“Basic facial expressions are almost common to people all over the world. For example, we develop algorithms commonly called machine learning algorithms to learn how to classify expressions: happy, sad, etc.”, Dr Hichem Sahli from Vrije University told Euronews. .
While there are clear benefits to doing research in medicine, there are other uses that carry risks. An example is law enforcement without any oversight.
With the help of artificial intelligence, it is tried to identify those responsible for terrorist attacks, violent incidents or accidents.
Companies like Amped, based in Trieste, Italy, are using AI for video analytics. While these companies apply for warranty checks, some countries outside the EU do not.
According to AIIA-NPO Secretary General Despina Travlou, its use is not yet adequately regulated and may lead to violations of civil rights.
“National and supranational organizations such as the EU publish guidelines and regulations, but we do this in an almost haphazard and uncoordinated way,” Travlou said. “One cannot overcome a global challenge by acting individually. Joint global action is required.”